TOEFL ibt 対策!無料のリーディング対策問題44(解説付き)

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Passage: The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health

In recent years, the rise of social media has transformed the way people communicate and interact with one another. Platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Snapchat have become integral parts of our daily lives, connecting us with friends, family, and even strangers from around the world. While social media offers numerous benefits, there is growing concern about its impact on mental health.

One area of concern is the potential for social media to contribute to feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem. Many users carefully curate their online presence, sharing only the highlights of their lives while concealing their vulnerabilities and struggles. This can create a distorted perception of reality, leading others to compare themselves unfavorably and experience a sense of inadequacy. Research has shown a correlation between heavy social media use and symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Another issue is cyberbullying, which refers to the use of electronic communication to harass, threaten, or intimidate others. Social media provides a platform for individuals to engage in harmful behaviors, including spreading rumors, sharing embarrassing photos, or sending hurtful messages. Cyberbullying can have severe psychological consequences, including increased rates of depression, anxiety, and even suicide among victims.

Moreover, social media can disrupt sleep patterns and contribute to poor mental well-being. The constant availability and stimulation of social media can lead to excessive screen time, which interferes with sleep quality and duration. The blue light emitted by electronic devices can suppress the production of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep-wake cycles. Consequently, individuals may experience difficulty falling asleep or have disrupted sleep, which can negatively impact mood, cognition, and overall mental health.

On the other hand, social media can also serve as a valuable tool for mental health support and community building. Online platforms provide opportunities for individuals to connect with others who share similar experiences, fostering a sense of belonging and support. Mental health organizations and professionals have also utilized social media to disseminate information, raise awareness, and provide resources for those in need. These positive aspects demonstrate the potential for social media to facilitate mental health promotion and education.

In conclusion, social media has both positive and negative impacts on mental health. While it offers connectivity, support, and information, it also poses risks such as feelings of inadequacy, cyberbullying, and sleep disturbances. It is crucial for individuals to be mindful of their social media use and to cultivate a healthy balance between online and offline activities. Additionally, further research is needed to better understand the complex relationship between social media and mental health, and to develop strategies for promoting positive online experiences while mitigating potential harms.


  1. What is one potential negative impact of social media on mental health?
    A. Increased self-esteem and confidence
    B. Enhanced feelings of happiness and satisfaction
    C. Symptoms of depression and anxiety
    D. Improved social interactions and relationships
  2. What is cyberbullying?
    A. The use of electronic communication to harass, threaten, or intimidate others
    B. The positive aspects of social media on mental health
    C. The benefits of online community building
    D. The sharing of personal achievements and milestones on social media
  3. How can social media affect sleep patterns?
    A. It can improve sleep quality and duration
    B. It has no impact on sleep patterns
    C. It can disrupt sleep quality and duration
    D. It regulates the production of melatonin
  4. What is one positive aspect of social media on mental health?
    A. Increased rates of depression and anxiety
    B. Opportunities for community building and support
    C. Feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem
    D. Interference with sleep patterns
  5. What is the importance of developing strategies for social media use?
    A. To enhance self-esteem and confidence
    B. To mitigate potential harms and promote positive experiences
    C. To increase rates of depression and anxiety
    D. To improve sleep quality and duration
  6. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a potential risk of social media on mental health?
    A. Cyberbullying
    B. Sleep disturbances
    C. Enhanced feelings of happiness and satisfaction
    D. Feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem
  7. How can social media serve as a tool for mental health support?
    A. By promoting feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem
    B. By fostering a sense of belonging and support through online connections
    C. By exacerbating symptoms of depression and anxiety
    D. By disrupting sleep patterns and reducing melatonin production
  8. What is the relationship between heavy social media use and symptoms of depression and anxiety?
    A. There is no relationship between social media use and mental health symptoms
    B. Heavy social media use leads to increased self-esteem and confidence
    C. Heavy social media use is correlated with symptoms of depression and anxiety
    D. Heavy social media use reduces rates of depression and anxiety
  9. What is the potential impact of cyberbullying on victims?
    A. Increased feelings of happiness and satisfaction
    B. Improved social interactions and relationships
    C. Decreased rates of depression and anxiety
    D. Increased rates of depression, anxiety, and even suicide
  10. What is the overall message of the passage?
    A. Social media has only negative impacts on mental health
    B. Social media has only positive impacts on mental health
    C. Social media has both positive and negative impacts on mental health
    D. Social media has no impact on mental health



  1. ソーシャルメディアがメンタルヘルスに与える潜在的なネガティブな影響は何か?
    A. 自尊心と自信の向上
    B. 幸福感と満足感の増加
    C. 抑うつと不安の症状
    D. 社会的な交流と関係の改善

正解:C. 抑うつと不安の症状

  1. サイバーブリビングとは何ですか?
    A. 電子通信を使って他人を嫌がらせ、脅迫、脅迫すること
    B. メンタルヘルスにおけるソーシャルメディアのポジティブな側面
    C. オンラインコミュニティビルディングの利点
    D. ソーシャルメディア上での個人の成果やマイルストーンの共有

正解:A. 電子通信を使って他人を嫌がらせ、脅迫、脅迫すること

  1. ソーシャルメディアは睡眠パターンにどのような影響を与えるか?
    A. 睡眠の質と時間を向上させる
    B. 睡眠パターンには影響を与えない
    C. 睡眠の質と時間を乱す可能性がある
    D. メラトニンの分泌を調節する

正解:C. 睡眠の質と時間を乱す可能性がある

  1. ソーシャルメディアのメンタルヘルスへのポジティブな側面の一つは何ですか?
    A. 抑うつと不安の症状の増加
    B. コミュニティビルディングとサポートの機会
    C. 自己評価感と自尊心の低下
    D. 睡眠パターンへの干渉

正解:B. コミュニティビルディングとサポートの機会

  1. ソーシャルメディアの利用に対する戦略の開発の重要性は何ですか?
    A. 自己評価感と自信を高めるため
    B. 潜在的な害を軽減し、ポジティブな経験を促進するため
    C. 抑うつと不安の症状を増加させるため
    D. 睡眠の質と時間を向上させるため

正解:B. 潜在的な害を軽減し、ポジティブな経験を促進するため

  1. ソーシャルメディアがメンタルヘルスに潜在的なリスクとして言及されていないものは何ですか?
    A. サイバーブリビング
    B. 睡眠障害
    C. 幸福感と満足感の増加
    D. 自己評価感と自尊心の低下

正解:C. 幸福感と満足感の増加

  1. ソーシャルメディアはどのようにメンタルヘルスのサポートツールとなることができるか?
    A. 自己評価感と自尊心を低下させることで
    B. オンラインのつながりを通じて所属意識とサポートの感覚を育むことで
    C. 抑うつと不安の症状を悪化させることで
    D. 睡眠パターンを乱し、メラトニンの分泌を減少させることで

正解:B. オンラインのつながりを通じて所属意識とサポートの感覚を育むことで

  1. ソーシャルメディアの重度の利用と抑うつ、不安の症状との関係はどのようなものですか?
    A. ソーシャルメディアの利用とメンタルヘルスの症状には関連がない
    B. ソーシャルメディアの重度な利用は自尊心と自信を高める
    C. ソーシャルメディアの重度な利用は抑うつと不安の症状と相関している
    D. ソーシャルメディアの重度な利用は抑うつと不安の症状を減少させる

正解:C. ソーシャルメディアの重度な利用は抑うつと不安の症状と相関している

  1. サイバーブリビングの被害者に対する潜在的な影響は何ですか?
    A. 幸福感と満足感の増加
    B. 社会的な交流と関係の改善
    C. 抑うつと不安の症状の減少
    D. 抑うつ、不安の症状の増加、さらには自殺の増加

正解:D. 抑うつ、不安の症状の増加、さらには自殺の増加

  1. パッセージの全体的なメッセージは何ですか?
    A. ソーシャルメディアはメンタルヘルスに完全にネガティブな影響を与える
    B. ソーシャルメディアはメンタルヘルスに完全にポジティブな影響を与える
    C. ソーシャルメディアはメンタルヘルスにポジティブな影響とネガティブな影響の両方を与える
    D. ソーシャルメディアはメンタルヘルスに影響を与えない