TOEIC Part 7 対策!(共通テスト対策にも!)無料の長文対策問題13(解説付き)

TOEIC & 共通テスト対策

TOEICの長文対策をしたい!特にPart 7!
と思った時に、表があったりして、対策するにもテキストが…
なんて時代が終わるかも!?
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TOEIC Part 7風の長文問題を作ってみました。
雰囲気、高校生の共通テストの対策にもなりそうです。

らびっと

らびっとです。
英語好き。ピアノと紅茶は趣味です。

英語学習に多くの時間を割いてきて、第二言語習得理論を大学で学んだ経験を活かしながら、英語学習のためのコンテンツや、勉強法を発信しています!

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TOEIC Part 7 – 1 (passage)

Passage:

The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has witnessed a significant breakthrough with the emergence of Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI). ACI represents the next level of AI, where machines possess the ability not only to execute predefined tasks but also to learn and adapt like humans. This advancement has opened up new possibilities in various industries, including healthcare, finance, and manufacturing. ACI systems are capable of processing massive amounts of data, leading to more accurate predictions and informed decision-making. However, this technological leap comes with its challenges and implications. Ethical concerns arise regarding the use of ACI in critical decision-making processes, as well as potential job displacements due to automation. As ACI continues to develop, striking a balance between harnessing its potential benefits and addressing its ethical and societal impacts remains a critical focus for researchers, policymakers, and the public.

TOEIC Part 7 – 1 (questions)

  1. What is Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI) in the field of AI?
    a) The ability of machines to perform predefined tasks only
    b) The next level of AI with learning and adaptation capabilities
    c) The automation of healthcare and finance industries
    d) The use of AI in critical decision-making processes
  2. How has the emergence of ACI impacted various industries?
    a) By reducing data processing capabilities
    b) By creating new job opportunities
    c) By enabling more accurate predictions and decision-making
    d) By decreasing the use of AI in the manufacturing sector
  3. What ethical concerns are associated with the use of ACI?
    a) Potential job displacements due to automation
    b) The development of ACI in healthcare
    c) The impact of ACI on finance and manufacturing
    d) The ability of ACI to learn and adapt like humans

TOEIC Part 7 – 1 (answers)

  1. b) The next level of AI with learning and adaptation capabilities

Explanation: The passage mentions that ACI represents the next level of AI, where machines possess the ability not only to execute predefined tasks but also to learn and adapt like humans.

  1. c) By enabling more accurate predictions and decision-making

Explanation: The passage states that ACI systems are capable of processing massive amounts of data, leading to more accurate predictions and informed decision-making in various industries.

  1. a) Potential job displacements due to automation

Explanation: The passage mentions that one of the implications of ACI is potential job displacements due to automation, which raises ethical concerns about its impact on the workforce.

TOEIC Part 7 – 1 (translation)

人工知能(AI)の分野では、人工能力インテリジェンス(ACI)の出現により重要な進展が見られています。ACIは、機械があらかじめ定義されたタスクだけでなく、人間のように学び、適応する能力を持つAIの次の段階を表しています。この進化により、医療、金融、製造などのさまざまな産業で新たな可能性が開かれています。ACIシステムは膨大な量のデータを処理することができ、より正確な予測と情報をもとにした意思決定を可能にします。しかし、この技術の飛躍には課題と影響も伴います。倫理的な懸念が、ACIの重要な意思決定プロセスでの利用や自動化による可能性のある雇用の削減など、さまざまな側面で生じています。ACIの発展が続く中で、その潜在的な利益を生かす一方で、倫理的および社会的な影響に対処するためのバランスを取ることが、研究者、政策立案者、一般市民にとって重要な焦点です。

TOEIC Part 7 – 2 (passage)

Passage 1:

The Emergence and Impact of Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has witnessed remarkable advancements in recent years, and one significant development is the emergence of Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI). ACI refers to AI systems that not only excel in specialized tasks but also possess the ability to adapt and learn in various domains. Unlike traditional AI systems, ACI exhibits human-like cognitive capabilities, such as reasoning, problem-solving, and creativity.

The impact of ACI is far-reaching and transformative. In various industries, ACI is revolutionizing processes and decision-making. For example, in healthcare, ACI-powered systems are assisting in diagnosing complex medical conditions and developing personalized treatment plans for patients. In finance, ACI algorithms are optimizing investment strategies and risk assessments. Moreover, ACI has found applications in autonomous vehicles, language translation, and customer service, enhancing efficiency and convenience.

Despite its numerous benefits, the rise of ACI also raises ethical concerns. As these systems become more sophisticated, questions about data privacy, algorithmic bias, and accountability arise. Ensuring transparency and fairness in ACI decision-making is crucial to prevent unintended negative consequences. Striking a balance between technological advancements and ethical considerations will be essential in harnessing the full potential of ACI while safeguarding societal values.

TOEIC Part 7 – 2 (questions)

  1. What is the main characteristic of Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI)?
    A) Excel in specialized tasks.
    B) Exhibit human-like cognitive capabilities.
    C) Possess advanced language translation skills.
    D) Optimize investment strategies in finance.
  2. How does ACI impact the healthcare industry?
    A) By providing personalized financial plans.
    B) By optimizing investment strategies.
    C) By diagnosing medical conditions and developing treatment plans.
    D) By enhancing customer service efficiency.
  3. What ethical concerns arise with the emergence of ACI?
    A) Concerns about data privacy and algorithmic bias.
    B) Concerns about language translation accuracy.
    C) Concerns about the efficiency of autonomous vehicles.
    D) Concerns about the fairness of customer service.
  4. What distinguishes ACI from traditional AI systems?
    A) Its ability to adapt and learn in various domains.
    B) Its focus on specialized tasks only.
    C) Its application in finance and customer service.
    D) Its exclusion of reasoning and problem-solving capabilities.
  5. What is crucial to prevent unintended negative consequences of ACI?
    A) Advancing technological capabilities.
    B) Transparency and fairness in decision-making.
    C) Increasing investment in healthcare.
    D) Developing autonomous vehicles.

TOEIC Part 7 – 2 (answers)

  1. Artificial Capable Intelligence(ACI)の主な特徴は何ですか?
    B) 人間のような認知能力を持っています。
  2. ACIが医療産業にどのような影響を与えていますか?
    C) 複雑な医療状態の診断や患者への個別化された治療計画の開発を支援しています。
  3. ACIの出現により生じる倫理的懸念は何ですか?
    A) データプライバシーやアルゴリズムの偏見に関する懸念があります。
  4. ACIを従来のAIシステムと区別する要因は何ですか?
    A) 様々なドメインで適応し学習する能力があることです。
  5. ACIの意図しない負の影響を防ぐために重要なことは何ですか?
    B) 意思決定の透明性と公正さが必要です。

TOEIC Part 7 – 2 (translation)

人工適格知能(ACI)の出現と影響

人工知能(AI)は近年、驚くべき進化を遂げており、その中でも重要な進展の一つが人工適格知能(ACI)の出現です。ACIは、特定のタスクで優れるだけでなく、様々な領域で適応し学習する能力を持つAIシステムを指します。従来のAIシステムとは異なり、ACIは推論、問題解決、創造性など、人間のような認知能力を持っています。

ACIの影響は広範囲で変革的です。様々な産業において、ACIはプロセスと意思決定を革新しています。例えば、医療分野では、ACI搭載のシステムが複雑な医療状態の診断や患者への個別化された治療計画の開発を支援しています。金融分野では、ACIアルゴリズムが投資戦略やリスク評価を最適化しています。さらに、ACIは自動車、言語翻訳、顧客サービスなどにも応用され、効率性と便利さを向上させています。

ACIの数多くの利点にもかかわらず、その台頭は倫理的な懸念も引き起こします。これらのシステムがより高度になるにつれて、データプライバシーやアルゴリズムの偏見、説明責任に関する問題が生じます。ACIの意思決定の透明性と公正さを確保することは、意図しない負の影響を防ぐために重要です。ACIの技術的進化と倫理的考慮のバランスを取ることが、ACIのフルポテンシャルを引き出しながら社会的価値を守る上で不可欠です。

TOEIC Part 7 – 3 (passage)

The Emergence and Impact of Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI)

In recent years, there has been a significant advancement in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) with the emergence of Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI). ACI refers to AI systems that can perform complex tasks and problem-solving beyond traditional narrow AI applications. Unlike narrow AI, which is designed for specific tasks like image recognition or language translation, ACI possesses more general intelligence and cognitive abilities. This development has led to a transformative impact on various industries and sectors. For example, in the healthcare sector, ACI can assist in medical diagnosis by analyzing vast amounts of patient data and identifying patterns that human physicians might miss. In the financial industry, ACI is revolutionizing risk assessment and fraud detection by quickly analyzing large datasets and identifying potential threats. Furthermore, ACI is enhancing customer service experiences by providing personalized recommendations and responses based on individual preferences and behaviors. However, along with its potential benefits, the rise of ACI also raises ethical and societal concerns. As ACI becomes more capable, questions about its accountability, transparency, and potential bias in decision-making algorithms come to the forefront. Striking a balance between innovation and responsible use of ACI remains a crucial challenge for researchers, policymakers, and developers.

The widespread integration of ACI also presents opportunities and challenges in the job market. As ACI systems automate repetitive and routine tasks, there is a potential for job displacement in certain industries. However, ACI’s capabilities also create new avenues for employment and skills development. The demand for professionals skilled in AI and data science is on the rise, as organizations seek individuals who can develop, maintain, and optimize ACI systems. Furthermore, ACI can augment human capabilities, allowing workers to focus on more creative and strategic aspects of their work. As ACI technology continues to advance, it is crucial for governments and educational institutions to invest in upskilling and reskilling programs to equip the workforce with the skills necessary to thrive in an AI-driven economy. Additionally, policies must be implemented to ensure a smooth transition for those impacted by job displacement and to foster an inclusive and equitable AI-driven job market.

TOEIC Part 7 – 3 (questions)

  1. What distinguishes Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI) from narrow AI applications?
    a) ACI has more general intelligence and cognitive abilities.
    b) ACI is designed for specific tasks like image recognition.
    c) ACI has no potential for job displacement in the workforce.
    d) ACI is less capable than narrow AI in problem-solving.
  2. In which industry can ACI assist in medical diagnosis?
    a) Finance
    b) Technology
    c) Healthcare
    d) Retail
  3. What ethical concerns are associated with the rise of ACI?
    a) Its potential benefits in various industries.
    b) Its transformative impact on the job market.
    c) Its potential bias in decision-making algorithms.
    d) Its ability to augment human capabilities.
  4. What are the potential benefits of ACI in the job market?
    a) Job displacement in certain industries.
    b) Increased demand for AI and data science professionals.
    c) A decrease in the need for human creativity.
    d) Limited opportunities for skills development.
  5. How can governments and educational institutions address the impact of ACI on the job market?
    a) By investing in upskilling and reskilling programs.
    b) By eliminating all AI-driven job opportunities.
    c) By relying solely on human labor in industries.
    d) By avoiding the integration of ACI in the workforce.

TOEIC Part 7 – 3 (answers)

  1. What distinguishes Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI) from narrow AI applications?
    a) ACI has more general intelligence and cognitive abilities.
    b) ACI is designed for specific tasks like image recognition.
    c) ACI has no potential for job displacement in the workforce.
    d) ACI is less capable than narrow AI in problem-solving.

Answer: a) ACI has more general intelligence and cognitive abilities.

Explanation: ACI stands for Artificial Capable Intelligence, which refers to AI systems with more general intelligence and cognitive abilities compared to narrow AI applications. Narrow AI is designed for specific tasks, while ACI can perform complex problem-solving beyond these narrow applications.

  1. In which industry can ACI assist in medical diagnosis?
    a) Finance
    b) Technology
    c) Healthcare
    d) Retail

Answer: c) Healthcare

Explanation: ACI can assist in medical diagnosis by analyzing vast amounts of patient data and identifying patterns that human physicians might miss. This capability makes it valuable in the healthcare industry for improving diagnostic accuracy and patient care.

  1. What ethical concerns are associated with the rise of ACI?
    a) Its potential benefits in various industries.
    b) Its transformative impact on the job market.
    c) Its potential bias in decision-making algorithms.
    d) Its ability to augment human capabilities.

Answer: c) Its potential bias in decision-making algorithms.

Explanation: As ACI becomes more capable and involved in decision-making processes, there are concerns about potential bias in the algorithms it uses. If the AI systems are trained on biased data, they may produce biased outcomes, leading to ethical implications in various applications, such as hiring, financial decision-making, and healthcare.

  1. What are the potential benefits of ACI in the job market?
    a) Job displacement in certain industries.
    b) Increased demand for AI and data science professionals.
    c) A decrease in the need for human creativity.
    d) Limited opportunities for skills development.

Answer: b) Increased demand for AI and data science professionals.

Explanation: ACI’s integration in various industries creates a demand for professionals skilled in AI and data science. Organizations need individuals who can develop, maintain, and optimize ACI systems, leading to increased opportunities for AI and data science professionals.

  1. How can governments and educational institutions address the impact of ACI on the job market?
    a) By investing in upskilling and reskilling programs.
    b) By eliminating all AI-driven job opportunities.
    c) By relying solely on human labor in industries.
    d) By avoiding the integration of ACI in the workforce.

Answer: a) By investing in upskilling and reskilling programs.

Explanation: To address the impact of ACI on the job market, governments and educational institutions should invest in upskilling and reskilling programs. These initiatives will equip the workforce with the necessary skills to thrive in an AI-driven economy, ensuring a smoother transition for those impacted by job displacement.

TOEIC Part 7 – 3 (translation)

人工知能(AI)の分野において、近年重要な進展があり、それが「人工汎用知能(ACI)」の登場である。ACIとは、従来の狭義のAIアプリケーションを超えて、複雑なタスクや問題解決を行うことができるAIシステムを指す。画像認識や言語翻訳など特定のタスクを行う狭義のAIとは異なり、ACIはより一般的な知能と認知能力を持つ。この進展により、様々な産業や分野に革新的な影響が生じている。例えば、医療分野では、ACIが大量の患者データを分析し、人間の医師が見落とすかもしれないパターンを特定することで、医療診断を支援している。金融業界では、ACIが大規模なデータセットを迅速に分析し、潜在的な脅威を特定することで、リスク評価や詐欺検知を革新している。さらに、ACIは個々の嗜好や行動に基づいて個別の推薦や応答を提供することで、顧客サービスの体験を向上させている。しかし、潜在的な利益とともに、ACIの台頭は倫理的および社会的な懸念も引き起こしている。ACIがより高度な能力を持つにつれて、その説明責任、透明性、および意思決定アルゴリズムの潜在的なバイアスについての疑問が浮上している。ACIの革新と責任ある使用のバランスをとることは、研究者、政策立案者、および開発者にとって重要な課題である。

ACIの広範な導入は、就業市場において機会と課題を提供している。ACIシステムが反復的かつルーティンのタスクを自動化することで、特定の産業においては雇用の置換が懸念される。しかしながら、ACIの能力は新たな雇用とスキル開発の道を生み出している。AIとデータサイエンスに熟練した専門家への需要は増加しており、組織はACIシステムを開発・維持・最適化する人材を求めている。さらに、ACIは人間の能力を補完することができるため、労働者はより創造的かつ戦略的な側面に集中することができる。ACI技術が進化し続ける中で、政府や教育機関は、AI駆動の経済において成功するために必要なスキルを労働者に提供するために、スキルアップおよび再教育プログラムへの投資が不可欠である。さらに、雇用の置換に影響を受ける人々のスムーズな転職を保証し、包括的かつ公正なAI駆動の雇用市場を促進するための政策も実施される必要がある。

TOEIC Part 7 – 4 (passage)

Passage: The Emergence and Impact of Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI)

Paragraph 1: The Evolution of AI and Introduction of ACI

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has made remarkable strides in recent years, transforming various industries and aspects of our daily lives. With advancements in machine learning, natural language processing, and robotics, AI has become increasingly capable of performing complex tasks that were once exclusive to human intelligence. However, the emergence of Artificial Capable Intelligence (ACI) marks a significant milestone in the field of AI. ACI refers to AI systems that not only mimic human cognitive abilities but also possess the capacity to adapt, learn, and innovate, making decisions beyond predefined algorithms.

ACI’s impact on industries and society is multifaceted. In sectors like healthcare, ACI can revolutionize diagnostics and treatment by analyzing vast amounts of medical data and offering personalized patient care recommendations. In the financial industry, ACI can optimize investment strategies and risk assessment, enhancing decision-making processes. ACI’s potential to boost efficiency and accuracy across sectors is immense, but it also raises important ethical considerations. The integration of ACI in critical domains like autonomous vehicles and defense systems necessitates robust safety measures and accountability frameworks to ensure responsible and secure deployment. Moreover, discussions about job displacement and the need for upskilling the workforce in the age of ACI become vital as automation continues to shape labor markets.


Paragraph 2: The Coexistence of ACI and Human Intelligence

As ACI continues to advance, concerns about its potential to surpass human intelligence and the implications of such a scenario have surfaced. However, it is essential to recognize that ACI’s development should not be perceived as a competition with human intelligence but rather as an opportunity for collaboration. The synergy between ACI and human capabilities can lead to unprecedented breakthroughs in research, exploration, and innovation. While ACI can excel at processing and analyzing massive datasets, human creativity, emotional intelligence, and moral reasoning remain indispensable in tackling complex societal challenges.

Striking a balance between the capabilities of ACI and human intelligence is critical for creating a future where AI serves as a tool for collective progress. Efforts should be directed towards harnessing the potential of ACI to augment human abilities rather than replacing them. This new perspective on the coexistence of ACI and human intelligence emphasizes the importance of human-centered AI development, ensuring that the integration of AI aligns with human values, ethics, and well-being.


New Perspective: The Responsible Use of ACI and Ethical Considerations

As AI technologies, including ACI, continue to evolve, the responsible and ethical implementation of these systems becomes paramount. Emphasizing transparency, fairness, and inclusivity in AI development and deployment is essential for building trust among individuals and societies. Implementing rigorous data privacy and security measures will safeguard individuals’ information and prevent misuse of AI technologies. Additionally, fostering interdisciplinary collaboration involving experts from diverse fields will lead to more comprehensive AI solutions that consider various perspectives and mitigate potential biases. Ultimately, the responsible use of ACI and AI technologies as a whole will pave the way for a sustainable and equitable future, where AI complements human intelligence and drives progress for the betterment of society.

TOEIC Part 7 – 4 (questions)

  1. What does ACI stand for in the context of AI?
    a) Artificial Interaction Interface
    b) Artificial Cognitive Inference
    c) Artificial Capable Intelligence
    d) Artificial Computational Integration
  2. What is one potential impact of ACI in the healthcare industry?
    a) Optimizing investment strategies
    b) Enhancing patient care recommendations
    c) Revolutionizing autonomous vehicles
    d) Improving defense systems
  3. What is a key ethical consideration when integrating ACI in critical domains?
    a) Developing more advanced ACI algorithms
    b) Ensuring responsible and secure deployment
    c) Reducing human intervention in AI systems
    d) Expanding ACI’s capabilities beyond human cognition
  4. How should the development of ACI be perceived in relation to human intelligence?
    a) A competition for dominance
    b) A potential replacement for human abilities
    c) An opportunity for collaboration and synergy
    d) An obstacle to human progress
  5. What is the new perspective on the coexistence of ACI and human intelligence?
    a) ACI will completely replace human intelligence.
    b) ACI and human intelligence are unrelated and should be kept separate.
    c) ACI should be used to augment and complement human abilities.
    d) ACI and human intelligence are incompatible and cannot coexist.

TOEIC Part 7 – 4 (answers)

  1. c) Artificial Capable Intelligence
    ACIは、人工知能(AI)の分野における「人工的に能力のある知能」という意味です。
  2. b) Enhancing patient care recommendations ヘルスケア業界におけるACIの1つの潜在的な影響は、広範な医療データの分析と個別の患者ケア提案の革新です。
  3. b) Ensuring responsible and secure deployment
    ACIを重要な領域に統合する際の主要な倫理的考慮事項は、責任ある安全な展開を確保することです。
  4. c) An opportunity for collaboration and synergy
    ACIの開発は、人間の知性との協力の機会として捉えるべきであり、人間の知性を補完する機会となります。
  5. c) ACI should be used to augment and complement human abilities.
    ACIと人間の知性の共存に関する新しい見方は、ACIが人間の能力を補完するために使用すべきだということを強調しています。

TOEIC Part 7 – 4 (translation)

パッセージ:人工知能(AI)の出現と人工知能対応能力(ACI)の影響

第1段落:AIの進化とACIの導入

近年、人工知能(AI)は驚異的な進展を遂げ、様々な産業と私たちの日常生活の様々な側面を変革しています。機械学習、自然言語処理、ロボティクスの進歩により、AIはかつて人間の知能に限定されていた複雑なタスクをますますこなすことができるようになりました。しかし、人工知能対応能力(ACI)の出現はAIの分野における重要な節目です。ACIは、人間の認知能力を模倣するだけでなく、予め定義されたアルゴリズムを超えて意思決定を行う能力を持つAIシステムを指します。

ACIの産業と社会への影響は多面的です。ヘルスケアの分野では、ACIは膨大な医療データの分析を行い、個別の患者ケア提案を提供することで診断と治療を革新することができます。金融業界では、ACIは投資戦略とリスク評価を最適化し、意思決定プロセスを向上させることができます。ACIはさまざまな分野で効率と精度を向上させる可能性が大きいですが、同時に重要な倫理的考慮事項も浮上します。自動運転車や防衛システムなどの重要な領域へのACIの統合には、責任ある安全な展開を確保するための堅牢な安全対策と責任の枠組みが必要です。さらに、自動化が労働市場を形成し続ける中で、職の置き換えと労働力のスキルアップの必要性に関する議論が重要になります。

第2段落:ACIと人間の知性の共存


ACIが進化し続ける中、ACIが人間の知能を超越する可能性とそのようなシナリオの影響に対する懸念が出てきました。しかし、ACIの開発は人間の知性と競争関係にあると捉えるのではなく、協力の機会として認識することが重要です。ACIと人間の能力の相乗効果により、研究、探求、革新において前例のない突破口を開くことができます。ACIは膨大なデータセットの処理と分析に優れている一方で、人間の創造力、感情知性、道徳的推論は複雑な社会的課題に取り組むために不可欠です。

ACIと人間の知性の能力をバランス良く持たせることは、AIが共同の進歩を促進するために重要です。ACIの潜在的な能力を人間の能力を補完するために活用することに重点を置くべきです。ACIと人間の知性の共存に関するこの新しい視点は、人間中心のAI開発の重要性を強調しており、AIの統合が人間の価値観、倫理観、幸福に合致していることを保証することが重要です。


新しい視点:ACIの責任ある使用と倫理的考慮事項

AI技術、特にACIを含むAI技術は進化し続けており、これらのシステムの責任ある倫理的な実装が極めて重要になっています。AIの開

発と展開において透明性、公正性、包括性を重視することは、個人や社会との信頼を築くために不可欠です。厳格なデータプライバシーやセキュリティ対策の実施により、個人の情報を保護し、AI技術の誤用を防ぎます。また、多様な分野の専門家を巻き込む学際的な協力の促進により、さまざまな視点を考慮に入れたより包括的なAIソリューションが生まれるでしょう。最終的に、ACIとAI技術全体の責任ある使用は、AIが人間の知性を補完し、社会の向上のために進展する未来を築く道を開くことになります。

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